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WHEN & WHERE TO PLANT



SITE SELECTION
Pick a location with good soil drainage and exposure to sunlight. The more sun the better, for growth of the trees and fruit production.  Also, if possible, select a site with good air drainage such as on the top or side of a hill, to avoid frost pockets at the bottoms of hills.  Avoid areas with soil that stays saturated for long periods of time, such as creek bottoms or draws and swales that hold water.  

WHERE TO PLANT
Deer are an edge species, so select areas along existing woodlands at the edge of fields or open areas.  Plant trees in groups for best pollination, ideally in groups of 5-10 for each kind of tree.  Most trees are wind and insect pollination, and this will improve nut and fruit.  Trees can also be planted as corridors, to create cover for game to move between separate patches of woodlands.  Fence rows can be used to plant berries and grapes, as natural trellises.

Spend some time on your land and consider how game moves on the land currently.  Plan how you want to hunt your food plot, such as the location for stands in existing larger trees, and for open shooting lanes.  Planting along edges allows you to shoot across an open lane to game feeding along the other side.

TREE SPACING
Trees are spaced according to their ultimate size.  If planted too far apart, inefficient pollination occurs, or if  planted too close, trees will grow towards the sunlight and not bear crops on the side branches (this is fine if a timber crop is also desired).  Typically, fruit trees such as apples and pears are planted 10-15' apart, and chestnuts and oaks are planted 30-40' apart (but can be planted as close as 20' for timber production, in 50+ years).

WHEN TO PLANT
Trees are traditionally planted at the end of winter, when they were grown bare-root in the field and shipped dormant to the buyer.  With container grown trees, trees can be planted throughout the year, except during the coldest winter months when there is snow on the ground or the ground is frozen.  We ship progressively farther north as the spring arrives across the nation.  If you receive trees from us shipped mailorder in the spring, wait until after the major threat of frost is past before planting. Complete planting instructions will accompany the order.

Fall is an excellent time to plant.  Not only are you at your property preparing to hunt, but the trees slow down and go dormant with the fall, and even without leaves continue to root in during the winter as long as the ground is not frozen, so they will become acclimated and actually come out stronger in the spring.  In the nursery, we always try to do our up-potting in the fall, which gives us a larger tree the coming year than those planted in the spring.